The Early British department includes books and manuscripts before 1800 by writers born in the British Isles (including England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales), mainly in the areas of literature, history, economics, philosophy, social history and theology as well as books by European writers concerning Britain, or owned and annotated by Britons.
The period covered ranges from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, from Chaucer through Shakespeare and Milton to Dr. Johnson and Adam Smith.
GANDOLPHY Peter (1811)
A Defence of the Ancient FaithEnquire
or Five Sermons in proof of the Christian Religion.
First Edition. 8vo. [Text: 209 x 128 mm]. viii, 151pp. (first leaf blank) + errata slip. A little light foxing. Modern cloth-backed boards.
London: Printed and published for the Author, by Keating and Co. Sold also by Faulder and Rodwell, and by Booker, [etc., including booksellers in Newcastle, Wolverhampton, Dublin, Cork and Edinburgh], 1811
COLLINS Anthony (1724)
A Discourse of the Grounds and Reasons of the Christian ReligionEnquire
In Two Parts: The first containing some Considerations on the Quotations made from the Old in the New Testament, and particularly on the Prophecies cited from the former and said to be fulfill'd in the latter. The second containing an Examination of the Scheme advanc'd by Mr. Whiston in his Essay towards restoring the true Text of the Old Testament, and for vindicating the Citations thence made in the New Testament. To which is prefix'd an Apology for free debate and liberty of writing.8vo. lxii, , 285, [1 (blank)]pp. Fine copy in contemporary panelled calf, plain spine.London:
BRINLEY John (1680)
A Discovery of the Impostures of Witches and AstrologersEnquire
First Edition. Small 8vo (84 x 141mm). , 127, pp. A little browned and spotted in places, some marking to a few leaves, blank lower fore-corners of *1-2 torn away (not touching the text). Early 19th-century tree calf, spine ruled in gilt, paper spine label completed in manuscript (front joint crudely repaired but holding, a little rubbed in places).
London: for John Wright...and Sold by Edward Milward Book-Seller in Leitchfield,
O'LEARY Arthur (1799)
A Funeral Oration on the late sovereign pontiff Pius the SixthEnquire
To which is prefixed, an account of the solemn obsequies performed to his memory. At Saint Patrick's Chapel, Sutton-Street, Soho, by order of Monsignore Erskine, his holiness's auditor, on Saturday, the 16th of November, 1799.
First Edition. 8vo. [Text: 210 x 130 mm]. 56pp. Original marbled wrappers (coming detached from the
London: for and sold by the publisher, P. Keating, [etc.], [1799?]
HAWKINS Sir John (1776)
A General History of the Science and Practice of Music. In Five VolumesEnquire
First Edition. 5 vols. 4to. , lxxxiv, 465; [iv], 544; [iv], 535; [iv], 548; Early 19th-century half russia, marbled boards, uncut (rebacked, preserving the original heavily gilt first, fourth, fifth and sixth panels, the second and third panels lettered in gilt). With the half-titles. Occasional heavy foxing, light spotting in some places, offsetting from the engraved music, generally good. Vol.1 with an engraved frontispiece by Grignion after Cipriani (foxed and offset onto the title) and 5 plates of ancient instruments plus numerous engraved plates of music (from half to full-page) in the text; Vols. 2-5 with numerous engraved plates of music (from quarter to full-page and numerous engraved medallion portraits in the text; numerous other woodcut illustrations of instruments, etc., in the text.
London: for T. Payne and Son,
SIMES Thomas (1777)
A Military Course for the Government and Conduct of a BattalionEnquire
designed for the Regulations in Quarter, Camp, or Garrison; with useful Observations and Instructions for their anner of Attack and Defence. Ornamneted with a Frontispiece and twenty copper-plate plans.
First Edition., 8vo., [32 (subscribers list has been bound before the text rather than at end end)], 286, [2 (advertisement)]., with the hand-coloured frontispiece and seventeen hand-coloured engraved plans at the end. Contemporary speckled calf, spine rule in gilt, black morocco label in the second panel (Very lightly rubbed, small chip to the upper headcap, small scuff to a couple of corners).
London: printed for the Author, and sold by Almon [...], Hooper [...], Richardson [...], Urquhard [...] and Walter,
RELPH Josiah (1747)
A Miscellany of PoemsEnquire
Consisting of Original Poems, Translations, Pastorals in the Cumberland Dialect, Familiar Epistles, Fables, Songs, and Epigrams.
First Edition. 8vo., xlix, , 160, 159-168,  pp., with the subscribers' list and the final contents leaves. Staining to the edges of the first and final leaves caused by the turn-ins, hole caused by a paper flaw in the lower blank margin of the second and third leaves, some dark foxing to a few leaves at the beginning and end, damp staining to the upper fore-corner of E5-8. Contemporary sheep, covers with a single gilt fillet, spine ruled in gilt, red morocco label in the second panel of the spine (spine rubbed and a little worn, corners bumped, covers a little rubbed, upper joints split, upper and lower headcaps chipped, bookplate removed from the front pastedown).
Glasgow: printed by Robert Foulis for Mr. Thompson in Wigton,
NUGENT Thomas (1767)
A New Pocket Dictionary of the French and English Languages.Enquire
In Two Parts. I. French and English. II. English and French. Containing all words of general use, and authorized by the best writers. As also distinguishing the several parts of speech, with the gender of the nouns in the French language. To which are added, the accents of the English words for the use of Foreigners, and an alphabetical list of the most common Christian names, with their most usual abbreviations. Carefully compiled from the most approved Dictionaries, French and English, particularly from the Royal Academy of Paris.
First Edition. Bound in Two Volumes. Square 12mo (113x119 mm).  pp., with the final advertisement leaf. Foxed and a little browned in places throughout, upper and lower edges closely cropped (touching the headlines, catch-words, pagination and signatures but not obscuring the text), single neat pencil note to E5, small ink blot to H4 (touching two lines of text), corner of S3 folded, small chip in the blank lower inner margin of T1-U2, title-page of the second volume heavily stained around the edges by the turn-ins, small tear to blank fore-margin of g1, paper flaw to the lower blank edge of s4, small closed tear to the upper edge of the advertisement leaf x6 (touching, but not obscuring, four lines of text), c.12 lines of manuscript notes concerning grammar on the final blank leaf of the second volume. Contemporary calf, covers ruled in blind, second volume with the remains of a clasp, manuscript lettering to the upper cover of each volume “Eng Fr” and “Fr Eng” (heavily worn and rubbed, headcaps torn away, corners bumped, joints of the first volume cracked but holding and with a couple of pieces torn from the spine). London: for Edward and Charles Dilly,
WILBERFORCE William (1797)
A Practical View of the Prevailing Religious System of Professed Christians in the Higher and Middle Classes in This Country Contrasted with Real ChristianityEnquire
Third Edition, but the first one printed in Ireland. 8vo. A few leaves curled at corners but overall a very fresh and unsophisticated copy bound in contemporary Irish calf, spine divided into seven compartments by a single gilt filet, red morocco label to spine (covers lightly chipped, label chipped and slightly rumpled). x, , 354,  pp. Dublin, Robert Dapper for B. Dugdale ...,
WOODHEAD Abraham (1673)
A Rational Account of the Doctrine of Roman-Catholicks concerning the Ecclesiastical Guide in Controversies of ReligionEnquire
Reflecting on the later Writings of Protestants; particularly of Archbishop Lawd and Dr. Stillingfleet on this subject. By R.H.
Second (expanded) Edition. 4to. [Text: 215 x 143 mm]. A little dusty; light dampstaining at the front. [30 (of 32; without the first blank leaf)], 448 pp. Early 19th-century russia, covers ruled in gilt (old rebacking; corners and edges worn).
[London:] Printed in the Year, 1673 [- 74].
A Reply to the AnswerEnquire
(Printed by his Majesties Command at Oxford) to a Printed Booke Intituled Observations upon some of his Maiesties late Answers and Expresses. By J. M. First Edition. 4to. f, 46pp. Disbound, and resewn, in a quarter red goatskin folder.London: for Matthew Walbancke, 1642
WALSINGHAM Francis (1615])
A Search made into Matters of ReligionEnquire
By Francis Walsingham Deacon of the Protestants Church, before his change to the Catholike. Wherein is related, how he first fell int his doubts: And how for final resolution thereof he paired unto his Majesty, who remitted him to the L. of Canterbury, and he to other learned men. And what the issue was of all those conferences. And how after this again he betooke him self to the reading of Protestant and Catholike Authors, for better finding out the truth: As also for discerning where, & on what side true or false dealing was to be found" and what the success of his search hath byn. Dedicated to the Kings most Excellent Ma.ty
Second Edition. Small 4to (180 x 125mm). , 504,  pp. Title-page a little dusty and marked, some water staining to the lower fore-corners throughout, some occasional marking in places. 17th-century plain calf, ruled in blind, smooth spine ruled in blind, early paper label, red spinkled edges (carefully rebacked preserving the majority of the original spine, edges and corners neatly repaired, new endpapers).
[Saint-Omer: Printed at the English College Press,
HUSSEY Thomas, Bishop of Waterford & Lismore (1798])
A Sermon preached by the Rt. Rev. Dr. HusseyEnquire
in the chapel in Spanish Place, on the sixth of May, 1798. Taken in short-hand by one of the audience.
First Edition. 8vo. [iv], 27pp. Original light-blue wrappers (upper top corenr torn away).
London: by J.P. Coghlan; sold by Messrs. Booker; Keating; Lewis; and Robinsons
SPEECHLY William (1779)
A Treatise on the Culture of the Pine Apple.Enquire
Together with a description of every species of Insect that infest hot-houses, with effectual methods of destroying them. By William Speechly, Gardener to the Duke of Portland.
First Edition. 8vo (206 x 126mm)., v, , viii-xvii, , 100, , 102-186,  pp., with the two engraved plates (one folding) the folding letterpress explanation of the plates and the subscribers list. Some occasional staining around the edges, some worming to the front flyleaves (and just marking the title-page slightly) title-page very lightly yellowed but otherwise a good copy. Contemporary calf-backed marbled boards, spine ruled in gilt, green morocco label to spine, vellum tips (joints split but holding, upper headcap missing).
York: by A. Ward, for, and sold by the Author, at Burlington-House, London; and at Welbeck, in Nottinghamshire,
BLOCK Magnus Gabriel (1708)
åkskillige Anmaerkningar oefwer tessa tiders astrologiska phantantiska och enthusiasticka prognostiker spådomar och Prophetier,: beträffande menniskjans wäsende och wandel i gemen; men i synnerhet religions- och statz saker, fÖrnemligast i the nordiska länderEnquire
4to (190 x 135mm. ) , 148, pp., folding woodcut plate of meteorite at p.74, some contemporary notes on title-page and in margins, modern half calf over marbled paper boards, red edges
Linköping: Tryckt Åhr
Fielding Henry (1752)
Amelia. By Henry Fielding, Esq; In Four VolumesEnquire
First Edition. 4 vols.xii, 285, [2 (blank)]; viii, 262, [1 (advertisement)]; ix, [i (blank)], 323; vii, [i (blank)], 296 12mo. Handsome copy in contemporary sprinkled calf, covers with a single gilt fillet borders, spine with the bands outlined with a single gilt fillet, numbered in gilt in the third panel (short cracks in some joints, slight rubbing, heacap of vol. 4 broken).London: for A. Millar,
FORBES Sir William (1806)
An Account of the Life and Writings of James Beattie, LL.DEnquire
Late Professor of Moral Philosophy and Logic in the Marischal College and University of Aberdeen. Including many of his Original Letters.Engraved frontispiece by T. Gaugain after Reynolds, and eight plates of facsimiles of manuscript and music.First Edition. 2 vols. 4to. , 409, ; , 431,  pp. Fine copy in contemporary straight-grained blue morocco, the covers with a border composed of gilt and blind fillets and a pearl and stem roll; the spines divided into six panels by double bands, with gilt tooling between the bands, lettered in the second panel and numbered in the third, the others tooled in blind and gilt; drab endleaves; gilt edges.N.p.:
HOWARD John (1789)
An Account of the Principal Lazarettos in EuropeEnquire
With various papers relative to the plague: Together with Further Observations on Some Foreign Prisons and Hospitals and Additional Remarks on the Present State of Those in Great Britain and Ireland.First Edition. 4to (288 x 229mm. ) , 259, pp., half-title, last leaf with instructions to binder, 22 folding engraved plates and one engraved table, contemporary calf, spine gilt, green morocco label, marbled edges and ends.Warrington: W. Eyres and sold by T. Cadell, J. Johnson, C. Dilly, and J. Taylor, London,
PARKER, Lucy (c.1860s?)
An album of drawings by the young Lucy Parker illustrating a family holiday to Scarborough and the surrounding areaEnquire
Oblong 4to., 120 manuscript drawings in ink and pencil pasted on to the verso and recto of nineteen leaves. Album leaves heavily browned and occasionaly torn at the edges, some scattered foxing, drawings a little dusty but otherwise well preserved. Late 19th-century blue roan and pebbled cloth boards (large piece detached from the spine, edges and corners rubbed and bumped, some staining to the boards, headcaps torn away, endleaves foxed).
FLETCHER Mary, née BOSANQUET (1780)
An Aunt's Advice to a Niece, in a letter to Miss **** *******. Also Some Account of a Correspondence with the late Rev. Dr. Dodd, During his Imprisonment. By Mary BosanquetEnquire
Second Edition. 8vo. , 75, pp. Contemporary calf, gilt spine (joints rubbed and slightly cracked).Leeds: by J. Bowling, And Sold by J. Binns,
REDFORD, Sebastian (1751)
An Important Enquiry; or, the Nature of a Church Reformation fully ConsideredEnquire
First Edition. 8vo. [Text: 190 x 115 mm]. [xxxix], [i (blank), 407, [1 (blank)], [8 (contents / errata; final blank leaf)] pp. Occasional minor damping to corners, lightly browned throughout, short horizontal tear from the fore-margin of b1. Modern black quarter cloth.
London: in the Year 1751.
SMITH Adam (1791)
An Inquiry in the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of NationsEnquire
Sixth Edition. Three Volumes. 8vo (215 x 135mm). Some foxing in places (less so in the second and third volumes). Contemporary tree calf, spines panelled in gilt with red and green morocco labels (expertly rebacked and repaired preserving the original spines, new green morocco labels).
London: for A. Strahan; and T. Cadell,
SMITH John Thomas (1807)
Antiquities of Westminster;Enquire
The Old Palace; St. Stephen's Chapel (Now the House of Commons) &c. &c. Containing two hundred and forty-six engravings of topographical objects, of which one hundred and twenty-two no longer remain ... this work contains copies of manuscripts which throw new and unexpected light on the ancient history of the arts in England.Folio. Modern half calf with marbled boards. London: by T. Bensley, for J.T. Smith, and sold by R. Ryan and J. Manson, June 9
STEWART Dugald (1811)
Biographical Memoirs of Adam Smith, L.L.D., of William Robertson, D.D., and of Thomas Reid, D.DEnquire
read before the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Now collected in one volume, with some additional notes. 3 engraved portraits, one each of Smith, Robertson, and Reid. First Edition. 4to. x, 532 pp. Original blue boards, paper spine with letterpress label. Edinburgh: by George Ramsay and Company, for W. Creech, Bell and Bradfute, and A. Constable and Co., etc.,
GODDEN Thomas (1672)
Catholicks no IdolatersEnquire
Or a full refutation of Doctor Stillingfleet's unjust charge of Idolatry against the Church of Rome.
First Edition. 8vo. [Text: 179 x 110 mm]. , 448pp. Lightly browned, minor dampstaining, stain along the inner margin of the title. Modern plain calf.
[London:] Printed in the Year, 1672.
DORNEY, John (1653)
Certain Speeches made upon the day Yearly Election of Officers in the City of GloucesterEnquire
Being in the Charter-Language of the said City.
First Edition. Small 8vo. [140 x 90 mm]. , 83,  pp., with the woodcut arms of the City of Gloucester, the single leaf of prefatory verse by Sam Kenrick and the final "Catalogue of the names of several officers". Small spot in the blank lower margin of B1-2, a couple of other minor spots in places, errata corrected in an early hand. Contemporary sheep, ruled in blind, smooth spine (spine heavily worn with a hole near the foot, covers and edges rubbed and bumped, couple of chips from the upper board).
London: by A.M. for Tho. Underhill,
CLIFFORD, William (1665)
Christian Rules Proposed to the Vertuous Soul Aspiring to Holy Perfection, whereby to regulate both her time and actions for the obtaining her blessed endEnquire
Third Edition. 8vo. [Text: 164 x 103 mm]. [30 (of 32, without the first blank leaf)], 399,  pp. A small hole in the lower outer blank corner of Aa4 (no loss), some light soiling and browning throughout. Contemporary calf (rebacked, preserving part of the original spine, corners and edges bumped and chipped, new endleaves).
[London:] Printed in the year, 1665.
CICERO, Marcus Tullius (1642)
I [- II]; cum optimis ac postremis exemplaribus accurate collatus.
2 vols. 12mo. [Text: 129 x 75 mm]. 614, 550 pp. Lightly browned throughout, worm-trail through three lines from pp. 321-52 of Vol. 1. Contemporary vellum, spines lettered and numbered in ink and with various ink shelf-marks (some stains on covers and spines (new endleaves).
Leiden: Ex Officina Elseviriana, 1642.
TERENTIUS AFER Publius (1726)
Ad fidem duodecim amplius Msstorum Codicum, et pluscularum optimae notae Editionum recensitae, et commentario perpetuo illustratae. ... Curavit Arn. Henr. Westerhovius.
2 vols. in 4. 4to. , lxxxix, , 452; , 457-859; , 865-1140; , 2-244, pp. 290 x 220mm. Engraved frontispiece and engraved portrait of Terence in vol. 1 and engraved frontispiece in vol. 2.Bound circa 1760 in light-brown goatskin, covers tooled with a gilt roll of scrolls and crowns, spines divided into six panels by single raised bands, the second panel lettered in gilt on a green goatskin label and the third numbered on a citron morocco label with a flower tool in the lower corners, the other panels filled with a pointillé lattice work, a flower and bud cresting roll at the head and tail, marbled endleaves, marbled edges (slight damage by worming to the foot of the lower joint of vol. 1).The Hague: Petrus Gosse,
TERENTIUS AFER, Publius (1701)
Ad optimorum Exemplarium fidem recensitae. Accesserunt Variae Lectiones, Quae in Libris MSS. & Eruditorum Commentariis notatu digniores occurrunt.Engraved frontispiece by J. Babtist after J. Goeree, and engraved head- and tailpieces.4to. , 520 pp. Contemporary Cambridge binding of red morocco with the covers tooled in panels, comprising gilt fillets and floral tools, the spine with six panels, the second lettered and the rest gilt, gilt edges (joints, edges and headcaps rubbed, the lower cover scratched).Cambridge: Typis Academicis, Impensis Jacobi Tonson,
WOODHEAD Abraham (1687)
Considerations on the Council of TrentEnquire
being the fifth discourse, concerning The guide in controversies. By R.H.
Second Edition. 4to. , 241, [1 (blank)], 34 (“A Digression” [should be bound after p. 230]). Title-page and some leaves a little dusty; single wormhole in the fore-margin throughout. Modern plain brown morocco by Quarr Abbey Bindery, with label.
London: for William Cademan, 1687
GANDOLPHY Rev. Peter (1813-5)
Defence of the Ancient Faith. In Four Volumes. 1813 - 1815Enquire
; or a full exposition of The Christian Religion. In a series of Controversial Sermons.
First Complete Edition. 4 vols. 8vo. [Text: 210 x 130 mm]. viii (+ errata leaf), 507; [iv], 507; [iv], 456; [iv], 484, [4 (advertisements)], iv (“A Confirmation and attestation of the Approbations”), [2 (errata)], xiv (“Approbation”) pp. Without the engraved portrait of Pope Pius VII, usually present. Mid-19thcentury half calf (spines and joints rubbed, one label damaged).
London: for the Author, by Keating, Brown and Keating, [etc.], 1813-15
CIVININI Filippo (1841)
Della origine, progressi e stato del Museo d'anatomia fisiologica, e patologica umano-comparata dell'I. e R. Universita` di PisaEnquire
First Edition. Small 8vo (190 x 117mm). 32pp., with a large coloured folding plan of the museum. A few spots but otherwise fine. Modern paper wrappers.
Pisa: Ranieri Prosperi,
Beattie James (1783)
Dissertations Moral and CriticalEnquire
On Memory and Imagination. On Dreaming. The Theory of Language. On Fable and Romance. On the Attachments of Kindred. Illustrations on Sublimity.First Edition. 4to. x (iii-x only, lacks the half-title), [vi], 655pp. Fine copy in early nineteenth-century tree-calf (joints slightly rubbed). London: for W. Strahan and T. Cadell; and W. Creech at Edinburgh,
MANNING Robert (1725)
England's Conversion and Reformation comparedEnquire
Or, the Young Gentleman directed in his choice of his Religion. To which is premised, a brief Enquiry into the General Grounds of the Catholick Faith. In a Conversation betweenn a Young Gentleman and his Preceptor,. Divided into Four Dialogues.
Small 8vo. [Text: 158 x 100 mm)]. 158, , 168-230, [6 (index, errata, corrigendum, addendum)] pp. Contemporary plain sheep (much rubbed, joints cracked but firm, crack developing down the centre of the spine, headcaps damaged, corners worn).
Londini: Typis J.P. Coghlan, 1788.
SMITH Adam (1795)
Essays on Philosophical SubjectsEnquire
... to which is prefixed an account of the life and writings of the author, by Dugald Stewart.First Edition. 4to. xcv, 244pp. Fine copy in contemporary sprinkled calf (very neatly rehinged, front flyleaf loose). London: for T. Cadell Jun. and W. Davies; and W. Creech, Edinburgh,
SMITH Adam (1795)
Essays on Philosophical SubjectsEnquire
To which is prefixed, An Account of the Life and Writings of the Author; By Dugald Stewart, F.R.S.E.
Second (First) Dublin Edition. 8vo. cxxiii, [i (blank)], 332pp. Original boards, cover lined with light-blue paper, white paper spine; edges uncut (spine very defective with substantial pieces missing, joints cracked but firm, covers somewhat marked). Internally fine and fresh.
Dublin: for Messrs. Wogan, Byrne, [etc.],
REID Thomas (1788)
Essays on the Active Powers of ManEnquire
First Edition. 4to. vii, [i], 493, pp. Contemporary tree calf (neatly rebacked, retaining the original spine). with a "Restored by Aquarius London" label inside front cover. Edinburgh: for John Bell, and G.G.G. and G.J. Robinson, London,
Beattie James (1776)
Essays. On the nature and immutability or truth, in opposition to sophistry and scepticismEnquire
On poetry and Music, as they affect the Mind. On Laughter, and Ludicrous Composition. On the utility of Classical Learning.
First Edition. 4to. [iv], [vi], xiv, 757 pp. Original boards, paper spine (some loss). Edinburgh: for William Creech,