Nine sets of engraved and hand-coloured views (108 in total) of London, Venice, America and the West Indies as well as important country houses, famous battles and nautical engagements.
BOWLES & CARVER, ALBUM OF VIEWS ([c. 1800-1820].)
VIEWS OF ENGLISH COUNTRY HOUSES, LONDON, VENICE AND AMERICA
Oblong Folio (approx. 235 x 365mm; most plates c.175 x 275mm)., re-strikes of Carington Bowels’s 18th-century plates with handsome later hand-colouring. Various English paper watermarks dated between 1799-1818. 19th-century sheep-backed marbled boards (joints and spine carefully repaired; three French engraved views bound at the beginning and end ?as endleaves).
London: for Bowles & Carver…, [c. 1800-1820]
Book 1. Twelve Pleasing Views Down the River Thames and Prospects at Sea.
Views of Limehouse, Deptford and Woolwich as well as Tilbury Fort the Kent Downs, Portsmouth and Dover Castle.
Book 8. Twelve Views of Gentlemens Seats and Gardens by Woollett &c.
Mereworth Castle, home to the Earl of Westmoreland. Mereworth was built in the 1720’s by the 7th Earl and designed by the architect Colen Campbell, it is an almost exact copy of Palladio’s Villa Rotunda in Venice.
Coombe Bank House, designed by Roger Morris for the 4th Duke of Argyll. The Palladian house is illustrated in Vitruvius Britannicus. The house was said to have been inspired by Burlington’s Tottenham Park, Wiltshire.
Foots Cray Place, Kent. Seat of Bourchier Cleeve. Also inspired by the Villa Rotunda in Venice. The design of the house has been attributed to Issac Ware. The house was destroyed by fire in 1949.
Esher Place, Surrey. Remodelled by Henry Pelham in the first half of the 18th century by William Kent who added some of the earliest elements of Gothic revival decoration in England.
Whitton Park, home of the Duke of Argyll. A Palladian villa designed by Roger Morris. Two views: one of the house and part of the gardens and another of the canal and gothic tower.
Book 14. Twelve Views of the Great Canal of Venice.
A journey up the Grand Canal passing the Church of the Holy Cross, Palazzo Flangini, Pallazzo Bembo, the Rialto Bridge and ending with two views of the Doge’s Palace.
Book 19. Twelve Remarkable Views in North America and West Indies.
A view of Quebec “take partly from Point des Peres, and partly on board the Vanguard Man of War by Capt. Hervey Smith”.
A view of the fall of Montmorenci “and the attach made by Gen’ Wolf on the French Intrenchments…July 31st 1759”.
Cape Rouge “From this place 1500 chosen Troops at the break of day fell down the River on the ebb of Tide to the place of landing, 13th Sept 1759”.
A view of Gaspee Bay in the Gulf of St Laurence “this French settlement used to supply Quebec with Fish, till it was destroyed by General Wolf…”
A view of the Pierced Island, “a remarkable rock in the Gulf of St Laurence…”
An East view of Montreal.
A view of Louisberg in North America, taken from the Light House when the city was besieged in 1758.
A South West View of the City of New York in North America.
A View of Charles Town, the Capital of South Carolina.
A view of the great Cohoes Falls on the Mohawk River
A view of Bethlem, the great Moravian Settlement in the province of Pennsylvania.
A view of the Entrance of the Harbour of the Havana [Cuba].
Book 22. Twelve Prospects in Derbyshire, Cheshire, Lincoln-Shire, York, Durham and Noblemen’s Parks. The views are after paintings by Thomas Smith of Derby (c.1767).
Views include Hopping Mill Ware on the River Derwent north of Derby, Lime [Lyme] Park, Cheshire “with that extraordinary custom of driving the Stags through the water”. Dunnington. Cliff on the River Trent, High Force, Matlock high Tower, “the New Water Works at Belton”, Hagley Park Worcestershire, Newstead Park [Newstead Abbey], Exton Park and the “Petrifying Spring” at Knaresborough.
Book 24. Twelve of the most remarkable Sieges and Battles in Europe
A series of views “representing the most considerable Transactions in the Siege of a Place”. The first six views show the preparation and execution of a siege culminating in the storming and plundering of a city “no age, sex or condition is safe, but all share the horrors of the scene”. These are followed by famous battle scenes including Culloden, Lowoschutz (Bohemia), Newmark [Silesia] and Minden [Westphalia].
Book 32. Twelve Views of Cathedrals, Churches, &c in England. A little browned
Interior and Exterior view of St Paul’s, London.
Three views of interior and exterior of Westminster.
Two interior views of Canterbury Cathedral.
Two interior views of York Minster.
Interior of St Stephen Walbrook, London. Designed by Wren.
Interior of St Martin-in-the-Fields.
Book 34. Twelve Views in and about London, of Public Buildings &c.
Book 35. Twelve Views in and about London of Public Buildings &c. [a different series from above].
Two different sets of views including a view down the Thames from the Tower towards St Paul’s, the Foundling Hospital, the Custom House, Westminster Bridge from Lambeth, the old wooden Hampton Court Bridge, the Royal Hospital at Greenwich, Royal Hospital at Chelsea, the Rotunda and gardens at Ranelagh [Chelsea], St James’s Palace, Kensington Palace, Hampton Court Palace, Windsor Castle, Horse Guards Parade, Mansion House, Royal Exchange, Ironmongers’ Hall, the Monument, Bethlehem Hospital
The views are listed in Carington Bowle’s new and enlarged catalogue (1784): “consisting of a great variety of perspective views in England, Europe, Asia, and America. Sets of Shipping, Sea-pieces, Sea Engageents, Huntings, Horses, Humorous, Entertaining, Scripture, Moral, Sieges and Battles, English Birds, Seven Champions, &c. Engraved and finished in a more masterly Manner than usual. Printed on half Sheets of fine Demy Paper. Each Print is 11 Inches wide, and 7 Inches deep. Price 3s. the set”.
Carington Bowles’ business was taken over by his successor, Henry Carington Bowles who traded with Samuel Carver between 1793 and 1832.
The customer would have been able to mix and match from the various sets available. It is very rare to find a long run of views collected together as here, especially on such interesting subjects.
The 18h-century English Country House in Context:
This fine selection of prints includes a number of views of private country houses and important public buildings. Many of the houses in the Twelve Views of Gentlemens Seats and Gardens illustrate the Italianate and Palladian style that was popular in England in the 18th-century and reflect a growing the fascination with European culture that was ignited by the vogue for the Grand Tour.
Within this set of prints we also see the English Country house alongside views of Venice (a popular destination on the Grand Tour) and witness how many important public buildings were modelled in the classical style. The views also take a wider perspective and examine North America and the West Indies which were not only important trading places but also fractious English colonies which were disintegrating and having long-tern effects on life at home for many noble families.
This collection of views is an important snapshot of life in England at the end of the 18th-century, brought to life in vivid colour.
Stock Code: 242914