Dyalogus de diversarum gencium sectis et mundi religionibus.
STAMLER Johannes (1508)
EARLY REFERENCE TO COLUMBUS AND VESPUCCI
Fine full-page title woodcut (210 x 185mm) by Hans Burgkmair (repeated on verso), incorporating a xylographic titles showing the 'Sancta Mater Ecclesia' enthroned with a complex allegory depicted below her (see below), both woodcuts boldly and skilfully highlighted in red; initials, underlining and rubrication throughout in red.
Folio (310 x 215mm)., XXXII, ff. 20th century binding using older vellum.
Augsburg, Erhard Ogelin & Georg Nadler, 1508.
First edition of Stamler's dramatic dialogue comparing the religions of the Tartars, Turks, Saracens and Jews, illustrated by a superb Hans Burgkmair woodcut; a prefatory letter contains a very early reference to Columbus and Vespucci.
In a letter to Jacob Locher dated 1506 on a3v, Stamler refers to the New World discoveries, "I do not make any mention of the newly discovered islands, but of Christopher Colom, their discoverer, and of Albericus Vespucius; on the discovery of the New World (to whom our age is chiefly indebted) behold what treatise I send you." The Latin being "De insulis autem inventis mentionem nullam facio; sed Cristoferi Colom earundem inventoris et Alberici Vespucii de orbe moderno invento (quibus etas nostra potissimum debet) quos tibi presentibus tractatulos mitto conspicias.”
Burgkmair's magnificent woodcut is an ambitious attempt to reproduce the ideas of the author graphically. It shows a seated female figure representing the Church with the globe as a footstool; she sits before a tent, surrounded by the banners of the Papacy and the Empire. The Pope and Emperor kneel before her and on a lower step sit four queens representing the four false religions, each bearing a banner with a broken staff. Below them are the figures of the disputants who take part in the dialogue: Dr. Oliverius, theologian, Balbus, historian, Rudolphus, a layman, Arnestes, an apostate, Samuel, a Jew, and Triphon, natural philosopher. In the lower left are the arms of Stamler and his initials, in the lower right Burgkmair’s initials.
Hans Burgkmair (1473-1531) was the foremost woodcut designer of the early 16th century in Augsburg and became the chief designer for much of Emperor Maximilian's print projects. Rupe notes, "with the year 1508, which shows him at the full height of his power in separate woodcuts, Burgkmair’s real period as an illustrator of books begins ... the frontispiece of Stamler’s Dialogus shows an unusual delicacy of feeling in the rhythmical articulation and distribution of the masses and the way in which the difficult allegorical subject is controlled and visualized. (see: 'Hans Burgkmair as an Illustrator of Books', Print Quarterly, 1923 vol 10, no 2, p. 177).
Edited by Wolfgang Aittinger
Later 16th century ownership inscriptions on verso of otherwise blank last verso.
A scattering of small wormholes affecting one or two letters.
VD16 S 8527. Alden-Landis 508/19. Sabin 90127. Harrisse 51. Church 26. JCB I, 47-48. Burgkmair: Hollstein V, 68.81. Dodgson II, 57.1; 70.7. Muther 858.
Stock Code: 228044