De duplici copia, verborum ac rerum commentarii duo. Ab authore ipso diligentissime recogniti, & emaculati, atque in plerisque locis aucti. Strassburg, Matthias Schürer, Oct. 1516. [Bound with:] HUTTEN (Ulrich von). [Greek title:] OUTIS. Nemo. Augsburg, in officina Millerana, 9 Sep. [1518]. [and:] BURLEY (Walter). Vita philosophorum et poetarum: cum auctoribus et sententiis aureis eorundem annexis. Strassburg, Joannes Knobloch, June

ERASMUS  (1516.)


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Title-page of Erasmus printed within superb historiated woodcut border which shows two jesters, architectural columns, and two putti holding a shield with the initials "M. S."; title of Hutten with superb full-page woodcut (160 x 112mm.) by Hans Weiditz, the Petrarch Master.3 works in one vol. 8vo. [6], LXXIII, [5]ff.; [12]ff.; [8], LII ff. 16th century blind-panelled pigskin with outer historiated roll with initials "HW" (see Haebler I, pp. 486/8) and inner ornamental one, stamped" SKE 1575" on upper cover (covers rubbed and soiled).

I. An early edition of De duplici copia. Erasmus was working for a number of years on a treatise on Latin composition, begun while in Italy, but completed only in 1512 during his third stay in England at the request of John Colet for use in the latter's newly founded school in St. Paul's churchyard. This treatise was designed to help the young student in acquiring an elegant and copious style and to provide abundant examples of how to say the same thing in different ways. It was first printed in Paris by Badius in 1512, but was soon reprinted several times, becoming a standard textbook in schools throught Western Europe. This edition contains Erasmus' long letter to the Alsatian humanist Jakob Wimpfeling (1450-1528), dated 21 September 1514, in which he relates his previous journey to Basle, mentioning all the humanist scholars he had met from Alsace and Basle, where Erasmus had just taken up residence. Erasmus had first become acquainted with Wimpheling in August 1514 when he stopped in Strassburg on his way to Basle, and was officially welcomed by the members of the recently founded literary society which included Sebastian Brant and Joannes Sturm. The work concludes with three poems by Erasmus addressed to Sebastian Brant, Joannes Sapidus and Thomas Didimus, together with the latter's reply.II. The first printing of Hutten's revision of his first work Nemo I, (1510), a speech in verse with proverbs and puns on domestic matters, here enlarged by about 30 distichs. Also added is a long preface to Crotus Rubeanus in which Hutten attacks both theologians and lawyers while at the end is a letter to Julius Pflug concerning the Reuchlin controversy and mentioning among others, Erasmus and Melanchthon.Hans Weiditz's excellent woodcut appears for the first time. It is dominated by the figure of Nemo in the foreground as a bearded man in Roman miltary dress, with the boat of Ulysses behind him and to the left the figure of Polyphemus carrying a rock to the edge of the cliff. The area around Nemo's feet is littered with objects such as a jug, a ladle, a book, an upturned table, an axe, cards, a lute, a backgammon board, counters and spectacles. III. Important medieval treatise by the Englishman Walter Burley (1275-1345?), the first attempt in modern times to write a history of ancient philosophy, first published in Cologne in 1470. According to Sandys the work was marred by strange mistakes in matters of literary history with the two Plinies and the two Senecas treated as one, while Statius Caecilius was confused with Papinius Statius and Livy with Livius Andronicus.I. VD16 E2647. Knaake II, 144. II. Benzing, Hutten, 62. Musper, Petrarka Master .L7. Fairfax Murray 211. III. Not in Adams.

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