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Aquatilium animalium historiae, liber primus. Rome, Hippolyto Salviano, (colophon: January 1558)

SALVIANI Ippolito (1554.)


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Fine engraved architectural title-page incorporating a portrait of the author and the arms of his patron Marcello Cervini, 98 engravings (numbered 1-53, 55-99; number 54 omitted in all copies) of fish and marine animals on 81 full-page plates, printer's device on final leaf.Large folio. (430 x 280mm.). [8], 256ff. 17th century vellum over pasteboards (spine heavily worn, cracked at joints and defective, corners frayed).

First edition of Salviani's beautifully illustrated work on fish and marine animals found in the Mediterranean. A native of Citta di Castello, Salviani (1514-72) was professor of medicine at Rome and, according to Nissen, the fish, octopus and squids illustrated here were primarily obtained in the Roman fish markets. He also states that they were drawn by Bernardus Aretinus and mainly engraved by Nicolaus Beatrizet and are generally considered to be superior to those found in the works of Belon, Gesner and Rondelet.The text is divided into two parts, the first 56 leaves include tables giving in alphabetical order the Latin, Greek and common names, while the second part is divided into 92 chapters. Three of the chapters are on cephalopods with the remaining 89 on fishes proper. Mortimer records an issue with a colophon dated 1557 and cancel slips set in type and pasted over the engraved labels. In our copy the cancel slips are found on O8v, R2r, V4v, AA8v, BB2r, which differ, in part, to those in the Hofer copy.Provenance. Armorial bookplate.Lower third of volume dampstained throughout, quite heavily in some places, a few engravings loose.Mortimer 454. Adams S190. Nissen 3555.

Stock Code: 46533