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Plautus integer cum interpretatione Joannisba ptistae pij [sic].(Milan: Ulrich Scinzenzeler, 18 January

PLAUTUS  (1500))


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Folio. 422 leaves, 60 lines of commentary plus headline, Roman and Greek letter, some printing in red (on Aa2), last leaf with register. 17th-century Parisian binding of citron morocco, gilt panel on covers, spine eleborately gilt, marbled edges, a few marginal wormholes in first 3 leaves, covers of binding with some abrasions (no loss of leather), some annotations slightly cropped by binder



A finely bound copy of Pio’s newly edited Plautus heavily annotated in the 16th century.

The annotations are to be found throughout the volume and are written in a small neat hand of the 16th century. They are sometimes located in the text (corrections of letters or readings (mostly in error), but many are found in the margins, and some in the space between the text and the commentary. These vary in length from a single line or a couple of words to several lines (e.g. a note of 19 lines on r2verso, and are generally explanations of words like patagiarii, mantellum (mantellum penule genus quo se vet ut lorica muniebant), suminosus (sumen lac suis extractum ac sue occisa). There are also some maniples drawn in the same ink. Occasionally where the notes are at the edge of the margin, they have been very slightly croped by the binder. There is no intimation at all of who the annotator was but he obviously knew Greek well, and read the text carefully: scarcely a page is left without some sort of mark, even if not an annotation. Many of the corrections in the text it must be admitted are wrong.

The author of the commentary first printed here was Giovanni Battista Pio (1460-1540) a Bolognese humanist, and pupil of Beroaldo, who at this period was working in Milan, which explains the place of publication. The author of many commentaries on Latin writers (Lucretius (1511) , Verrius Flaccus, Lucan, Cicero, etc.), Pio knew Greek and he quotes frequently and at length in this commentary from Apollonius Rhodius (o6), the Greek Anthology (e.g. p5, r7, epigram by Antipater, u8verso epigram by Julian) and other Greek sources. This is the last incunable edition of Plautus. He was later commented upon by Pylades Buccardus (Bologna 1503) edited by Britannicus, and there then followed a number of 16th-century editions, including one edited by Denis Lambin.

Provenance: Jean François Theuart of Paris, 1674 to whom awarded as a prize ('Nobilis et optimae spei adolescens Joannes Franciscus Theuart parisiensis in 3o ordine Marchiano ad praemium strictae orationis proxime accessit. Ita testor die 3o 7bris An. Do. 1674, N. Mercier gymnasiarcha' with inscription on title 'Ex libris J.F. Theuart'. This is the Collège de la Marche, founded 1362 by Jean de la Marche, and at this date located on the Mont Ste Genevieve. It was closed in 1790, and various books from its library are known; - Barbey, ch. secretary of the Bishop of Bayeux, who gave it to; Georges Vincent professeur at petit séminaire de Caen, 30 June 1925 [living at] La Maladrerie, Calvados. He has added some notes on f. h2verso. Bookplate of Kenneth Rapoport.

HC *13084. BMC VI, 775. Goff P-785. Oxford P-357.

Stock Code: 48101